Dating club greece
Each soldier from the Hastati and Principes lines carried two javelins.
This heavy javelin, known as a Pilum (plural "pila"), was about two metres long overall, consisting of an iron shank, about 7 mm in diameter and 60 cm long, with pyramidal head, secured to a wooden shaft.
In 387 BC, the Gauls invaded Italy, inflicted a crushing defeat on the Roman Republican army, and sacked Rome.
After this defeat, the Romans undertook a comprehensive reform of their army and changed the basic tactical formation from the Greek-style phalanx armed with the hasta spear and the clipeus round shield to a more flexible three-line formation.
The frontal centre of gravity suggests that these pole weapons were used as javelins.
A fossilized horse shoulder blade with a projectile wound, dated to 500,000 years ago, was revealed in a gravel quarry in the village of Boxgrove, England.
It was lighter in weight than that used by other nations.
The thureophoroi and thorakitai, who gradually replaced the peltasts, carried javelins in addition to a long thrusting spear and a short sword.However, devices do exist to assist the javelin thrower in achieving greater distance, generally called spear-throwers. A warrior or soldier armed primarily with one or more javelins is a javelineer.The word javelin comes from Middle English and it derives from Old French javelin, a diminutive of javelot, which meant spear.They were hurled in a certain direction and whoever hurled it the farthest, as long as it hit tip-first, won that game.In the ancient world javelins were often thrown with the aid of a throwing string, or Amentum.